Periodontal disease often progresses without any signs or symptoms, including pain. You should always visit a periodontist regularly to get properly checked so that treatment can begin as soon as possible if needed.
-Unexplained bleeding – The bacterial infection caused by toxins in plaque can make tissues prone to bleeding, most commonly while brushing teeth, flossing, or eating food.
-Pain, redness, or swelling – It is important to stop any potential infection which causes the gums to swell, turn red, or feel painful for no apparent reason. If not treated, the infection can spread to the gum tissue, jawbone, or even to the bloodstream where the infection is taken to other body areas.
-Longer-looking teeth – Toxins produced by bacteria can destroy bones and supporting tissues. Although commonly mistaken as the teeth lengthening or a “toothy” smile, it is actually caused by receding gums.
-Bad Breath/Halitosis – Periodontal disease-related bad breath is caused by old food particles stuck between your teeth and underneath your gum line. Deeper gum pockets also hide more debris and bacteria, eventually causes bad odors.
-Loose teeth/change in bite pattern – When periodontitis rapidly progresses, the teeth can either loosen or begin to shift. This is caused by the destruction of bone tissue, which allows teeth that used to be tightly attached to the jawbone to move around.
-Pus – A definitive sign of periodontal infection is pus, produced by the body in an attempt to fight bacterial infection, emerging from between teeth.
Treatment of Periodontal Disease
After a full mouth examination to diagnose periodontal disease and determine the extent of infection, Dr. Wells will discuss several options with you for treatment to help decide what treatment is best for you:
-Scaling and Root Planing – the periodontist will remove the bacteria and calculus (tartar) that caused infection to maintain gum tissue health by cleaning the gum pockets and antibiotic treatment when necessary to remove the infection
-Laser Treatment – one way to reduce the size of pockets between teeth and gums
-Tissue and Bone Grafting – Also known as tissue regeneration, this involves inserting a membrane to stimulate tissue growth in areas with large amounts of destroyed bone or gum tissue
-Pocket Elimination Surgery – also known as flap surgery, this directly reduces the size of gum pockets
-Dental Implant – Possibly after tissue regeneration, implants replace the teeth lost to periodontal disease and are installed in the jawbone to restore the aesthetic appearance and functionality of your mouth
Feel free to contact us or schedule an appointment any time if you would like to learn more about or show any signs of periodontal disease.