Procedures 2017-01-24T22:18:21+00:00

Our Procedures


Whatever your dental needs or concerns may be, from regular exams and cleanings to full-mouth procedures, my team and I promise to provide you with exceptional care that goes beyond your expectations to give you a more beautiful and healthy smile. Please explore our many procedures and services below to give you a better knowledge of your specific needs. Patient satisfaction is our #1 concern, and we will work diligently to give you the amazing results you desire. Schedule an appointment or contact us today so that we can begin the journey of giving you the professional care and expertise every person deserves.  – Dr. L. Brett Wells Your Neighborhood Dentist

Cleanings & Prevention

Our experienced and dedicated team collaborates with each patient to maintain the naturally healthy aspects of your teeth and mouth while creating a dental plan to deter the new, continuing, and repeating issues or conditions.

Preventing dental problems is as easy as creating a good oral hygiene and diet plan at home. Wells Family Dentistry puts in the effort to compliment and strengthen your own oral health and maintenance.

Preventative measures that our office provides include regular teeth cleaning, dental exams, and x-rays, sealants and fluoride treatments.

By using preventative measures before any problems arise, you can have a healthy and beautiful smile for life.

Dental Exams

During your initial visit, Dr. Wells and his staff will perform a comprehensive dental exam. Your regular check-ups will include the following procedures:

Diagnostic X-Rays – determine tooth and root position as well as detect tumors, decay, bone loss, and cysts

Oral Cancer Screening – check the face, neck, lips, tongue, throat, tissues, and gums for possible signs of oral cancer

Gum Disease Evaluation – examining the gums and bone around the teeth for possible signs of periodontal disease

Tooth Decay Examination – examining all tooth surfaces for signs of decay

Existing Restorations Examination – check current dental restorations including fillings, crowns, root canals, etc…

Dental Cleaning

Our Registered Dental Hygienists expertly perform the following procedures during your professional dental cleanings:

Calculus (Tartar) Removal – calculus, hardened plaque left on the tooth over time that has attached itself to the tooth surface, is removed from above and below the gum line

Plaque Removal – plaque, a sticky, almost invisible film that forms on teeth, is ripe with living bacteria, which in turn produce poisons that inflame the gum and cause the beginnings of gum disease

Teeth Polishing – removing the stains and plaque that are not removed during regular tooth brushing and scaling, giving you a sparkling and healthy smile!

At Wells Family Dentistry, we use digital radiography (digital x-rays), the latest technology available, to get dental x-rays. Using an electronic sensor instead of traditional x-ray film, we can capture and store the digital image in our computer system so our staff can instantly view the x-ray.

Dental x-rays provide important information that regular dental exams cannot detect. This assists Dr. Wells and his team in preventing any otherwise undetected problems, which can be costly and time-consuming in the future if left untreated.

Are dental x-rays safe?

Along with reducing already-safe traditional dental x-ray radiation by 80-90%, digital x-rays are also faster and more comfortable for the patient. Digital x-rays also avoid the environmentally hazardous process of disposing the harmful waste and chemicals used when developing traditional x-rays. Although digital x-rays produce a very safe low level of radiation, our staff still take all the necessary measures to limit any radiation exposure.

How often should dental x-rays be taken?

Based on the situation of each patient, our team will recommend when x-rays are necessary based on your dental history, dental exams, and your current dental health including your age and risk of oral disease.

We usually recommend a full mouth series of x-rays for all new patients which can be used for three to five years. Bite-wing x-rays, x-rays of only the top and bottom teeth biting together, are recommended at each check-up twice a year so we can detect any new problems.

Fluoride, a mineral naturally found in almost all food and water supplies, is currently the most effective means available to prevent tooth decay. Health professionals and organizations have been using and endorsing fluoride for over 50 years.

Topical Fluoride

  • Strengthens the teeth that have erupted on the surface of the gums by seeping into the outer surface of tooth enamel, making all  teeth immediately more resistant to decay
  • Available in daily dental routine through toothpaste, gels, and mouth rinses
  • Recommended biannual professional application for children, whose teeth are in the early stages of development,  to guarantee proper health and development.

Systematic Fluoride

  • Works on both erupted as well as developing teeth developing under the gums
  • Available in most foods, the community water supply, and as a prescription supplement in drop or gel form
  • Recommended for infants to teenagers.
  • Too much ingested during teeth development can lead to fluorosis (white spots on the teeth)

Do not depend on fluoride alone to prevent tooth decay! Use other preventative measures to keep your smile at its best, including brushing teeth at least twice a day, flossing regularly, eating balanced meals, reducing the amount of sugary snacks you eat, and visiting our office for cleanings on a regular basis.

A sealant protects molars, premolar, or any deep grooves (called pits fissures) of the teeth by covering them with a thin, plastic coating. Over three-fourths of dental decay starts in these deep grooves because they are highly susceptible to decay and extremely hard to clean. The sealant makes the surface smooth so that these areas are easily cleaned.Sealants can prevent teeth decay for many years, but patients should regularly visit the dentist to check for sealant wear and chipping.

Sealant application takes a few minutes per tooth. The process involves carefully painting the sealant material over a special bonding solution between the sealant and the tooth enamel. The sealant then hardens naturally or a special curing light is used.

Why would someone need sealants?

  • Children and Teenagers – provides protection from the onset of six-year molars (the first permanent back teeth) through 16 years of age, when the likeliness of cavities decreases
  • Adults – used on tooth surfaces with no current decay but that have deep grooves or depressions
  • Babies – occasionally used if teeth have deep grooves or depressions and the baby is prone to cavities

In order to ensure that the sealants function properly, each patient must use proper home dental care, eat a balanced diet, and visit our offices regularly.

Cosmetic Dentistry

Interest in cosmetic dentistry has drastically increased over the past ten years. Modern cosmetic dentistry quickly, painlessly, and affordably treats teeth to create appearance-enhancing healthy, bright, and beautiful smiles.


At Wells Family Dentistry, we offer the convenience of single visit crowns using CEREC® CAD/CAM technology. Using this latest technology, we offer a color-matched custom designed ceramic crown while you relax in the comfort of our office in JUST ONE VISIT!

You no longer have to make TWO trips to the dentist to get a crown — a good excuse for many to put off the procedure. This new machine enables Dr. Wells to start and complete crowns in just one appointment. CEREC® can also help remove old dental fillings or place porcelain veneers.PastedGraphic-27 (2)

The improved procedure starts with exam and preparation as usual. Then, Dr. Wells will take a 3D image of your tooth. This image is sent wirelessly to the CEREC® machine, which will mill and form your porcelain dental crown, tooth filling or veneers right there in the office, saving patients a return visit to the dentist’s office.

The best part? The CEREC® procedure also uses less drilling and fewer injections! Patients are raving about the easier experience. As one patient put it, “One less visit to the dentist means having more time and less pain.”

If you’ve been putting off a procedure, ask now about the new CEREC® machine and how it can save you time (and toothaches) during your next appointment.


We use composite, or tooth colored, fillings to repair teeth with decay, fractures, cracks or other issues. Our team will discuss with you the many filling materials available to find the best options for you and your teeth. Composite fillings, versus the also popular silver amalgam fillings, are better for more visible areas of teeth since they can be easily matched to your teeth color.

It usually only takes one visit to put in composite fillings. After properly cleaning and preparing the tooth while it is numb, we will place a special medication for extra protection if the problem area is near the nerve of the tooth. Then we place, shape, and polish the composite filling to bring the tooth back to its original shape and good health. The sensitivity to hot and cold usually felt after composite fillings are placed goes away shortly after the tooth adjusts to the new filling. Once the filling treatment is finished, we will give further care instructions to properly care for it.

Composite fillings are extremely durable and create a beautiful smile and will last a very long time. However, there is a possibility that they will need to be replaced at some point. As with any dental treatment, proper oral hygiene, good eating habits, and regular dental visits will all aid the life of your filling as well as overall good oral health.

Dental implants, artificial roots and teeth (usually made of titanium) surgically positioned into the upper or lower jawbone, look very natural and enhance or restore a patient’s smile. They replace missing teeth and provide a fixed solution to partial or complete dentures. Occasionally, normal wear and tear requires implants to be re-tightened or replaced, but most dental implants are very stable, strong, and durable for many years.

What does getting dental implants involve?

Dental implants require a number of visits over the span of several months in order to be properly placed. The process involves an initial surgery to create molds of the bone, gum tissue, and teeth spacing as well as, if necessary, placing “posts” to hold the artificial teeth. After a few weeks of rest, the artificial teeth are fitted in one or more fitting sessions that can span up to two months. Following one more healing period, the artificial teeth are permanently installed.

Once the dental implant treatment is finished, we will give further care instructions to properly care for your implant. As with any dental treatment, proper oral hygiene, good eating habits, and regular dental visits will all aid the life of your implant as well as overall good oral health.


Want an alternative to the bulky brackets, ugly wires, and painful bands of regular braces? Invisalign is the newest way to straighten your teeth without the problems of traditional braces!Invisalign is a system of clear, removable, custom-molded aligners that will straighten your teeth comfortable and in less time than traditional braces. They can be used for minor adjustments or extensive straightening on almost all adults and teens. They can be used to treat problems like overbites, underbites, crossbites, and other teeth-straightening issues, Invisalign has major advantages to other straightening alternatives.

-Comfortable – Since your aligners are changed about every two weeks, your teeth are more comfortably adjusted over time. They can also be removed at any time for eating, drinking, brushing for flossing so you can easily keep your teeth clean and beautiful!

-Less Treatment Time – Most patients used Invisalign for about one year. To keep your treatment on schedule, a patient typically visits their dentist or orthodontist every one to two months and receive new aligners every few visits.

-Visually Appealing – Unlike traditional braces, the Invisalign system uses clear plastic aligners, so clear that most people can’t tell you’re wearing them at all! Since you can remove them at any time, you can easily brush and floss your teeth to avoid leftover food debris.

To learn more about Invisalign, please feel free to contact us or schedule an appointment at our office so we can answer any of your questions or concerns.


Lumineers provide an ultra-thin alternative to traditional veneers to cosmetically enhance teeth. Easily applied with no teeth grinding or shaving, Lumineers can cover your teeth stains, chips, discolor, or misalignments to give you a permanently more beautiful smile. Lumineers are created from Cerinate porcelain, a material as thin as contact lenses. They can be placed over existing dental work without any replacements last over twenty years. In order to properly install your Lumineers, two to three visits are required.

If you want a long-tasting and comfortable solution to common cosmetic dental issues, even as an alternative to braces, please feel free to contact us or schedule an appointment at our office to see if Lumineers are right for you.

A dental crown, also commonly known as a tooth cap, covers the whole tooth surface to recreate its original shape and size. This treatment goes beyond what fillings or other types of procedures can do to protect and strengthen the tooth structure. Porcelain crowns (tooth colored) are the most popular type because they are made to match the shape, size, and color of your natural teeth. Like many other procedures, these may need to be replaced after many years of durable use.

You will need to have two visits to our dentist office in order to properly get a crown placed. During the first appointment, we will take several impressions (molds) used to make your custom crown, shape and clean the tooth so the temporary and permanent crown will fit properly, and install a temporary crown that will stay on your teeth for about two weeks until a new crown is finished. We will permanently install the permanent dental crown during your second visit.

Once the porcelain crown treatment is finished, we will give further care instructions to properly care for it. As with any dental treatment, proper oral hygiene, good eating habits, and regular dental office visits will all aid the life of your porcelain dental crown as well as overall good oral health.

A dental bridge, a fixed appliance comprised of two crowns that go over two anchoring teeth and are attached to artificial teeth, are used to replace missing teeth. Our team will discuss with you what type of bridge fits your dental needs. A “traditional bridge”, made of porcelain fused to metal, is the most popular type because the porcelain can be manipulated to match your natural teeth. Normal wear and tear may require your fixed bridge to be replaced or re-cemented after many years of highly durable use.

Fixed bridges usually need at least two visits to be properly created and installed. The first visit involves by removing some enamel from the two anchoring teeth, taking an impression of your teeth so the bridge can be made, and installing a temporary bridge. During the second visit, the permanent bridge will be installed, sometimes only temporarily so your teeth and tissue can get used to the bridge.

Once the porcelain fixed bridge treatment is finished, we will give further care instructions to properly care for it. As with any dental treatment, proper oral hygiene, good eating habits, and regular dental visits will all aid the life of your fixed bridge as well as overall good oral health.

Onlays, or partial crowns, are custom made fillings created out of composite material, gold, or tooth-colored porcelain. This option conservatively repairs large defective fillings or teeth damaged by either decay or trauma. Onlays are a great alternative to traditional crowns, or caps, because they remove less tooth structure in the preparation stages. However, they are not a permanent solution and will possibly need to be replaced after many years.

To properly install an onlay, you will need to have two appointments. During your first visit, we will take impressions (molds) and apply a temporary filling to protect your tooth. During your second visit, the permanent onlay is cemented into the appropriate area with a few adjustments for proper fit and a comfortable bite.

Once the onlay treatment is finished, we will give further care instructions to properly care for it. As with any dental treatment, proper oral hygiene, good eating habits, and regular dental visit will all aid the life of your onlay as well as overall good oral health.

Veneers are extremely thin, tooth shaped porcelain pieces that are bonded to the front of teeth. They are custom made in a dental laboratory to match the shape and color of your teeth and can be used to totally change the shape of your teeth and overall smile. They are a good alternative to crowns and treat a variety of dental issues. Veneers are not a permanent solution and may possibly need to be replaced after many years.

You will need to visit our office twice to prepare your teeth and properly install the veneers, all involving little or no anesthesia. During the first visit, we will lightly buffer and shape your teeth surface, take an impression of your teeth,  consult with you about which shade (color) veneers you would like. During your second visit, we will install your veneers using a special cleaning solution, bonding cement, and a special light beam to harden the cement.

Once the porcelain veneer treatment is finished, we will give further care instructions to properly care for your veneers. As with any dental treatment, proper oral hygiene, good eating habits, and regular dental visits will all aid the life of your veneers as well as overall good oral health.

If one of your teeth is particularly damaged or of poor quality, a ceramic crown may be more advantageous than traditional porcelain crowns. The ceramic crown replaces an existing traditional crown if the existing crown is no longer in good shape or appealing to the patient. Some of the many benefits include being more ascetically appealing than traditional crowns, long-lasting, fast installation, and amazing end results.

The new crown will most likely be placed in two visits to our office over a week’s time with minimal after-effects and inconvenience. The first visit involves taking an impression of your existing crown to use as a template for the new crown and placing a temporary crown on the old tooth. During your second visit, the new crown will be installed and inspected for proper fit.

Once the Procera crown treatment is finished, there is no extra care required to maintain the quality of your new crown. However, as with any dental treatment, proper oral hygiene, good eating habits, and regular dental visits will all aid the life of your crown as well as overall good oral health.

Why are crowns made of porcelain fused to metal still used?

Although all-ceramic crowns are esthetically superior and equal in function, installation, and in price of crowns made of porcelain fused to metal, these types of crowns remain commonly used because of they are a well-known and established solution.

Tooth whitening (or bleaching) changes the color of your natural tooth enamel through a simple, non-invasive dental treatment. As teeth whitening has become more popular and one of the top aesthetic concerns for patients, a number of methods to whiten teeth have developed. However, any old fillings, crowns, or other humanly created tooth treatments may have to be replaced to match the color of the newly whitened tooth enamel. To maintain your desired whiteness, you may have to receive touch-ups every few years, especially if your regular diet includes smoking, drinking coffee, tea, or wine.

You will need to visit our office two times in order to properly whiten your teeth. The first visit involves making impressions (molds) so that we can make clear plastic trays to fit your teeth which you will try on during the second visit so we can make necessary adjustments. You will then take the trays and a special whitening solution home. Depending on the staining or your desired teeth whiteness, you will need to wear the system for either 30 minute twice a day or overnight for a week or two. Teeth sensitivity commonly increases during this time, but the sensitivity will go away once you stop the bleaching process.

Once the teeth whitening treatment is finished, you will receive instruction on how to maintain the quality of your teeth whiteness. As with any dental treatment, proper oral hygiene, good eating habits, and regular dental visits will all aid the life of your crown as well as overall good oral health.

Sedation / Sleep Dentistry

IMG_4604Sedation Dentistry, Relaxation Dentistry, or Conscious Sedation are all terms that cover the possible ways to control a patient’s anxiety and pain without using a stronger method like general anesthesia. This category of sedation allows a patient to breathe without assistance and respond to physical and verbal stimulations. The two forms used by Dr. Wells are described below. Both these forms commonly cause amnesia and patients usually fall asleep.

Enteral Conscious Sedation – Commonly known as Orally Administered Sedation, this type comes in eatable form and is ingested like regular pills. Most patients handle this sedation well, it is safe and easily monitored, and it is also cost effective. Some downsides include that the doctor cannot easily change the dosage, it does not relieve pain, and the patient cannot drive themselves home.

Inhalation Conscious Sedation – To use Nitrous Oxide/Oxygen Sedation, known to most patients as “laughing gas,” the patient inhales the gas administered by the dentist. This is the most commonly used form of sedation because it works quickly, it is easy for the doctor to control, there are few side effects, and patients recover so quickly that they can drive themselves home. However, it is not recommended for patients with Asthma or Emphysema or for claustrophobic patients who are uncomfortable with covering their noses.
The type of sedation used is determined by a patient’s specific needs and preferences, including possible allergic reactions and possible complications due to other medicines the patient may be taking. Dr. Wells and his staff will discuss with you which treatment works best for your dental needs.

Which patients should use Sedation Dentistry?

Sedation Dentistry can be used when a patient needs a lot of dental treatment. Dr. Wells may recommend this form of sedation if you do not want to or cannot come for multiple appointments in order to complete your dental work or if your dental work requires complex treatment over a long period of time.

However, Sedation Dentistry can also be useful for those who have trouble with visiting the dentist in general. If you experience extreme fear or anxiety when going to a dental office that prevents you from receiving dental work, Dr. Wells may prescribe Sedation Dentistry in order to calm you enough to properly perform the necessary care. Other issues, like a sensitive gag reflex, physical conditions that affect movement, sensitive teeth, or fear of needles, can all be helped when needed with these mild forms of sedation.

If you exhibit any of these symptoms, Conscious Sedation may be right for you. Dr. Wells and his staff will discuss with you whether this treatment is right for your dental needs. In the meantime, please feel free to contact our office with any questions you may have in order to determine if Sedation Dentistry is a good choice for you.

Oral Cancer Screenings


Oral cancer, a common form of cancer with one of the highest and most consistent death rates, kills more people in the United States than people with cervical, brain, testicular, kidney, or ovarian cancer. It is usually not discovered until its late stages of development, although it is one of the most easily curable disease; early detection and diagnosis can decrease the death rate to 10%.

Regular oral cancer screenings enable a dentist to detect oral cancer development early on so that treatment can begin before life-threatening conditions develop. Each patient should receive a visual exam as well as an examination using ViziLite Plus, the newest technology in oral cancer screening. This system scans oral tissue after the patient has rinsed their mouth with a special oral solution. Any abnormal tissue will be detected, even in the early stages of development. This exam is especially recommended for those who have a higher risk of oral cancer, including smokers or other tobacco users. However, oral cancer is also common in those who do not use tobacco products.

If you feel you may be at risk of developing oral cancer or just want to learn more the screening process, feel free to contact us or schedule an appointment at our office today.

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal (Gum) disease is one possible dental issue that affects the gums and bones supporting the teeth. It is caused by existing plaque and calculus (tartar), hardened plaque, which destroy the gums and bones over time. Many people do not know that they have periodontal disease – four out of every five people to be exact – because the early stages usually cause no pain.

There are many different health problems linked to periodontal disease. While more obviously being the number one reason for tooth loss, new research suggests that this disease is linked to other health problems like strokes, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, bacterial pneumonia, and increased risk during pregnancy. The risk of periodontal disease is also higher in smokers.

To reduce your risk of periodontal disease, you should maintain good oral hygiene, eat a balanced diet, and visit our office for regular dental visits.

Gum disease is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Preventative measures and significantly decrease your risk of developing periodontal disease.

-Poor dental hygiene – regular dental visits, a balanced diet, and good home care can all inhibit bacterial growth.

-Tobacco use – Smokers are more likely to have more tartar buildup, deep pockets in gingival tissue, significant bone loss, and a slower recovery and healing rate.

Genetic predisposition – Close to 30% of the population is likely to have a strong genetic predisposition to periodontal disease. If your family is commonly afflicted with gum disease, consider taking genetic tests and early intervention to maintain oral cavity health.

-Pregnancy and menopause – hormones during pregnancy and menopause cause greater sensitivity to the gums, which leaves them more susceptible to gum disease. Make sure to maintain excellent and regular home oral care during these times.

-Chronic stress and poor diet – stress, poor diet, or malnutrition can all lessen the immune system’s ability to fight and beat infection, including those of the gums.

-Diabetes and underlying medical issues – Heart disease, respiratory disease, osteoporosis, and arthritis can all lead to accelerated or intensified onset and progression of periodontitis. Since diabetes negatively affects how the body uses insulin, infections in the gum become harder to control and cure.

-Grinding teeth – teeth grinding or clenching damages supporting tissues that surround teeth. People usually grind their teeth because they have a “bad bite,” meaning teeth are misaligned. The additional destruction of gingival tissue that is caused by grinding can accelerate gum disease in individuals already affected.

-Medication – Oral contraceptive pills, anti-depressants, steroids, and heart medications all negatively change the overall condition of teeth and gums. Steroids specifically can cause gingival overgrowth, which leads to more swelling, meaning more places for bacteria to grow in gum tissue.

Feel free to contact us or schedule an appointment any time if you would like to learn more about or show any signs of periodontal disease.

Diabetics have a higher risk at developing infections like those that lead to gum disease. In fact, periodontal disease is a common but often unrecognized complication of diabetes, especially in people who do not properly manage their diabetes.

Diabetics have too much glucose, commonly referred to as sugar, in their bloodstream. Type II diabetes in particular makes it more difficult to control insulin levels, causing excess sugar to stay in blood. This problem is even more prominent in Type I diabetics, who produce no insulin at all. Diabetes can lead to other health issues like heart disease or strokes.

Reasons for the Connection

The risks between periodontal disease and diabetes can worsen if neither is properly handled. Below are the issues that arise because of the connection between these two health conditions:

  • Increase blood sugar – body sugar levels increase as a result of moderate to severe periodontitis. Bodies need more time to process the sugar, making it more difficult for diabetics to control their blood sugar levels. Also, because bacteria use oral sugar levels as fuel to grow, diabetics have a higher risk to worse periodontal infections.
  • Thickening blood vessels – Thicker blood vessels in diabetics cannot do their normal functions of delivering and removing substances from the blood stream

Periodontal disease often progresses without any signs or symptoms, including pain. You should always visit a periodontist regularly to get properly checked so that treatment can begin as soon as possible if needed.

-Unexplained bleeding – The bacterial infection caused by toxins in plaque can make tissues prone to bleeding, most commonly while brushing teeth, flossing, or eating food.

-Pain, redness, or swelling – It is important to stop any potential infection which causes the gums to swell, turn red, or feel painful for no apparent reason. If not treated, the infection can spread to the gum tissue, jawbone, or even to the bloodstream where the infection is taken to other body areas.

-Longer-looking teeth – Toxins produced by bacteria can destroy bones and supporting tissues. Although commonly mistaken as the teeth lengthening or a “toothy” smile, it is actually caused by receding gums.

-Bad Breath/Halitosis – Periodontal disease-related bad breath is caused by old food particles stuck between your teeth and underneath your gum line. Deeper gum pockets also hide more debris and bacteria, eventually causes bad odors.

-Loose teeth/change in bite pattern – When periodontitis rapidly progresses, the teeth can either loosen or begin to shift. This is caused by the destruction of bone tissue, which allows teeth that used to be tightly attached to the jawbone to move around.

-Pus – A definitive sign of periodontal infection is pus, produced by the body in an attempt to fight bacterial infection, emerging from between teeth.

Treatment of Periodontal Disease

After a full mouth examination to diagnose periodontal disease and determine the extent of infection, Dr. Wells will discuss several options with you for treatment to help decide what treatment is best for you:

-Scaling and Root Planing – the periodontist will remove the bacteria and calculus (tartar) that caused infection to maintain gum tissue health by cleaning the gum pockets and antibiotic treatment when necessary to remove the infection

-Laser Treatment – one way to reduce the size of pockets between teeth and gums

-Tissue and Bone Grafting – Also known as tissue regeneration, this involves inserting a membrane to stimulate tissue growth in areas with large amounts of destroyed bone or gum tissue

-Pocket Elimination Surgery – also known as flap surgery, this directly reduces the size of gum pockets

-Dental Implant – Possibly after tissue regeneration, implants replace the teeth lost to periodontal disease and are installed in the jawbone to  restore the aesthetic appearance and functionality of your mouth

Feel free to contact us or schedule an appointment any time if you would like to learn more about or show any signs of periodontal disease.

Periodontal, meaning “around the tooth,” disease is a common inflammatory condition that affects soft tissues that surround and support each tooth. Also referred to as periodontitis and gum disease, this dental health issue can also spread to the jawbone in advanced stages.

Gingivitis, bacterial infection of gum tissue, usually precedes periodontal disease. Toxins produced by plaque irritate and inflame the gum tissue, which is the cause of bacterial infection of the gums. The infection moves into the gum pockets between teeth where it becomes increasingly difficult to remove and treat. Periodontal disease progressively worsens, eventually destroying connective tissue and the jawbone. When left untreated, teeth shift out of place, loosen, and eventually fall out.

Periodontal disease is the number one cause of tooth loss in the developed world among adults. It should always be treated as soon as possible.

Types of Periodontal Disease

Gingivitis is the mild inflammation of the gums, but it can spread below the gum line if not treated. The gums develop a chronic inflammatory response to the toxins within plaque, leading the body to ultimately destroy its own bone and soft tissue. However, there can be few or no symptoms while periodontal disease makes the teeth separate from the infected gum tissue. One main indication of this issue is the deepening of pockets between gums and teeth.

The most common types of periodontal disease are listed below:

-Chronic Periodontitis – The most common type of periodontal disease. Deep pockets and gum recession are caused by inflammation inside the supporting tissues. Teeth appear to be lengthening, but actually the gums are receding. This type causes progressive loss of teeth attachment or varying periods of rapid deterioration.

-Aggressive Periodontitis – Causes rapid loss of gum attachment, familial aggregation, and rapid loss of gum attachment. This type of periodontal disease affects otherwise clinically healthy individuals.

-Necrotizing Periodontitis – Individuals affected by HIV, immunosuppression and malnutrition most commonly are affected by this type of periodontal disease. Tissue death, of necrosis, happens in periodontal ligaments, alveolar bones and gingival tissues.

Feel free to contact us or schedule an appointment any time if you would like to learn more about or show any signs of periodontal disease.

Emergency Care


If you are in pain, we will see you today!

Wells Family Dentistry knows that dental pain, often impossible to predict, can severely affect your daily life. Please call our office so that we can quickly and effectively assist you or anyone experiencing a dental emergency.